Macros in Excel refer to a sequence of instructions or commands to be carried out on a spreadsheet. Sometimes we will need to import data from Excel into an OpenOffice database, but problems with macros can arise. Reason why we will teach you to convert an Excel Macro file into OpenOffice easily.
What is a macro and what is its use? Well, the objective is not to have to do the same tasks all the time, since Excel can save these macros in a specific place; These are simple or complex, and they become quite a useful tool.
Therefore, if you have to repeat them routinely, save a macro or group of actions, to be carried out in an automated way , as many times as you want; even modify them if necessary.
What are the file formats in Excel that include macros?
The Visual Basic for Applications or VBA language is used by Microsoft Excel to create macros in Excel step by step in a simple way; which are also used by Powerpoint, Outlook, Word, among others.
These macros can be exported to three different types of files ; whose extensions and the relationship it has with the instructions of the macros will be described below:
- Those with the .xlsm extension: These are Excel files that have one or more macros embedded within them.
- Extension .xltm: They are template type files where a macro is saved; whose instructions can be loaded from other Excel projects with the extension .xlsm.
- Extension .xlam: It is a type of file that is used as an external complement and additional to an .xlsm file, to execute the instructions of a macro.
What is OpenOffice?
Let us remember that OpenOffice is a group of programs that belong to the Apache Software Foundation , with the purpose of both creating, developing and saving, a series of documents that are used at the level of offices, residences and public companies.
This grouping is made up of different programs such as Writer, Base, Draw, Math, Impress and Calc ; each of them has its equivalent in Microsoft Office.
For example Calc, has been the spreadsheet where we can import XML files into a spreadsheet in OpenOffice and do everything that we would do in a very similar way with Microsoft Excel; allowing all kinds of mathematical operations and export to other documents such as a PDF.
How to convert Excel macro file into OpenOffice easily?
We must remember that Excel uses the VBA language to create macros, and the OpenOffice tool does not read Visual Basic correctly, therefore if we want to convert a macro file from Excel to OpenOffice, an additional instrument is needed to perform of this procedure.
There are alternatives that can help us for this conversion, that is, to pass the macros from Microsoft Excel Visual to OpenOffice Calc; in some cases the change is not complete, and it is necessary to make adjustments so that it works 100% in OpenOffice.
This tool works for those programmers who need a quick conversion process; which will allow us to replace the Excel VBA with Calc’s OO Basic . We will achieve this through a free web page.
It comes from the Business Spreadsheets page, in whose direction after entering you will find a large rectangle that says “Excel VBA Code”, where you must place the Visual Basic code; Next, you click on “Convert VBA” and it will immediately become CalcBasic.
However, we must emphasize that since 2006 there are certain additional programs to install in OpenOffice, which have compatibility with Excel macros. Through which, we avoid the constant conversion of VBA (Visual Basic for Applications) codes to OO Basic; such as the Go-oo program .
To conclude, we can say that the conversion of a macro file from Excel to OpenOffice does not have any major complications for its realization, everything will depend on the user’s need, as we have also seen that there are programs that you can install in your OpenOffice avoiding the process in question .